Located on the North Atlantic coast, Cap-Haitien is the second city of the Republic of Haiti in terms of population. It is now known for its colonial architecture and historical monuments in the surroundings : the “Palais Sans-Souci” and the “Citadelle Laferriere”.
The town of Cap-Haitien, originally called “Cap-Francais” during the French colony, was built by the buccaneers on the Tainos village “Guárico”. Diamond of the island Cap-Haitian was its capital, and was named “the Paris of Saint Domingue.”
Many historical events, many revolutions, that changed the course of Haitian history took place in that famous town of Cap-Haitian : the “Ceremony of Bois Caiman”, the arrival of Santhonax, the great “Battle of Vertrières”…
After the Independence in 1804, the city of “Cap-Francais” officialy became “Cap-Haitien”. With the rising of Port-au-Prince as the new capital of the Haitian Republic, the town lost its prestige and was gradualy overshadowed.
In 1842, a major earthquake ravaged almost the entire city of Cap-Haitien, and decimated two-thirds of its inhabitants.
Despite the earthquakes, the fires, the many socio-political crises that have rocked Haiti through the centuries, the city of Cap-Haitian still retains its charm and unique identity thru its architecture, its colonial vestiges and the imposing legacy of King Henri Christophe. Because of its uncommon history and its high cultural value, the city of Cap-Haitien was proposed in 1992 to be included in the heritage of the Caribbeans.
Stunning views overlooking the Bay of Cap-Haïtien and the surrounding landscape.